The Western Desert of Egypt covers about 700,000 sq km, which represents tow thirds of Egypt's land.
The Western Desert was once a savannah, rich with wildlife and nomadic settlements.
Gradual climate change le to desertfication and thurned this vast area into the arid expanse seen today leaving behind some depressions in the desert floor which helped to maintian the wildlife, agriculture and human settlements.
The Ancient Egyptians had some connections with the Western Desert oases but the golden age of the wesertn desert had come when Egypt was under the Romans, who set wells and improved irrigation to supply the Roman empire with wheat and wine.
After the fall of th Roma empire, the desert fell into neglection, till 1956 when Nasser developed the area.
Now, the Western Desert is the ideal place for those who seek peace and immaterailaity.
White Desert begins about 45 km north of Farafra , it is truly white, in clear contrast with the yellow desert elsewhere. At night, and many of the organized trips out here include overnight stay out in the desert, it gets a character reminder of an arctic landscape. The rock formations of the desert are often quite dramatic, and you should not miss out on the weird rock balancing on top of a white pillar. The White Desert is a nation park of Egypt, the desert centerpieces is its rock colored from snow-white to cream color.
Black Desert is a little to north the White Desert, it is closer to Bahariya than Farafra.Black Desert is a region of volcano-shaped mountains with large quantities of small black stones. The stones lie out across the orange-brown ground, so that it is not quite as black as many people may hope for. Especially after visiting the White Desert, which has formation that is really white, many will imagine a desert as dramatic as this.
Dakhla Oases lie furthest off the main settlements of Egypt. At an elevation 122 meters above sea level, it is still fed by more than 600sprinds and ponds.